The kitchen is probably the most versatile room in your house! You use it for baking, preserving foods, making coffee or tea, feeding your family, hosting friends, and more. Because kitchens are so multipurpose, it is even more important to find zero waste solutions to your everyday needs. We’ll teach you everything we know about setting up a real food zero waste kitchen in this post.
How to make the most of this guide
This is a complete guide to setting up a real food zero waste kitchen. There are tons of strategies & tips to help you learn how to clean, set up your pantry, cook from scratch, and outsource your kitchen.
There are two ways to approach this post:
- Scroll through all of the resources to get a general overview of setting up a zero waste kitchen
- Use the Table of Contents buttons below to find exactly what you need quickly
Pro tip: Zero waste living is a journey, not a destination. It’s not all or nothing. Instead, it’s about building sustainable habits every day.
Find 1-2 new strategies to try. Slow down and allow yourself to notice which of your habits, routines, or purchases result in waste. Start there!
I have a tool to help simplify this entire process. The simple 5-step Roadmap to Sustainable Living will focus your journey to a zero-waste lifestyle. It’ll tell you exactly where to start and where to go next. It makes the whole process so much easier!
What is real food?
Real food means cooking from scratch using the simplest, most natural ingredients. Cooking real food is often less expensive than buying prepackaged foods and is healthier.
If you already try to cook real food, you’re likely on the path to a zero waste kitchen! These two practices merge together naturally.
As someone passionate about cooking from scratch using homegrown or local foods, I’m excited to share some strategies to set up your real food zero waste kitchen.
The Beginner’s Guide to Setting Up a Real Food Zero Waste Kitchen
Ready to get started? I’ll break this down by category to make it easy to navigate!
Zero Waste Kitchen Cleaning
Plastic Free Dishwashing
Did you know there are solid dish soap bars for dishwashing? Yep, like an old-school bar of soap from your grandparents’ bathroom except it’s made for dishes.
You stick the dishwashing soap block near your sink and either rub your scrub brush on the bar or hold it in the stream as you let the water run.
Learn everything you need to know about zero waste dishwashing soap here.
However, running the dishwasher uses less water than hand-washing dishes! These are my favorite zero waste dishwashing tabs. You can get them unscented if you’re avoiding fragrance.
Keep your dishes clean using a compostable dish brush
Instead of a plastic dish brush, try a wooden dish brush with replaceable, compostable heads. There are also smaller brushes perfect for rubbing on your dish soap block!
Low waste cleaning concentrates
The best cleaning concentrate depends on how exactly zero waste you want to be.
Personally, I use Dr. Bronner’s Sal Suds that I dilute in a spray bottle for general cleaning. It takes about 1.5 tbs for my 16 oz spray bottle, which means I’m going to have this one plastic bottle under my sink for a LONG time. Read my Sal Suds review here.
However, you can also use Sal Suds for mopping, dishwashing, washing fruits and veg, etc…We love it in our zero waste bathroom!
If you are not open to using a product like Sal Suds, you can make your own all-purpose cleaning spray by adding 1 cup of white vinegar and 1 cup of distilled water to a spray bottle. Add some essential oils, like lemon, orange or grapefruit, to boost the cleaning power.
Clean your dishwasher
Every month or so, I like to give my dishwasher a good cleaning. Previously, I was buying an all-natural dishwasher cleaner, but I didn’t like the plastic waste or the expense.
Now, I sprinkle baking soda on the bottom of my dishwasher and behind the silverware rack that sits in my door (I move that to the bottom tray of my dishwasher). Pour white vinegar and let fizz. Scrub the dishwasher with a rag or scrub brush and then run a cycle with it empty.
Cleaning glass stovetops without waste
This is one of the areas that was the hardest to make zero waste! Before, I was using a plastic-packaged cream cleaner and razor edge cleaning tool to bring my stovetop to a bright shine.
Up until recently, I was using a Norwex cream paste to help polish my glass stovetop. I tried using baking soda and vinegar instead and was thrilled to get the same results using simple ingredients in my pantry!
Polish sinks & crusty pans
Packaged in a paper tube with a metal base and lid, Bar Keeper’s Friend is excellent at removing buildup on stainless steel surfaces. We also have a container under the sink and use it to remove baked-on buildup under stainless steel pans. It’s also the key to a bright and shiny sink!
Bar Keeper’s Friend is easy to find at a grocery store near you.
Polish stainless steel surfaces
Did you know that you can polish stainless steel with olive oil? Simply dab a small amount onto a clean rag and buff it into the stainless steel.
We have black appliances that show water droplets when we wipe them down unless we use my favorite glass polishing cloths. They’re perfect for cleaning mirrors, windows, and anything else that you want a streak-free shine on.
Zero waste floor cleaner
This is another place where I use Sal Suds! Simply dilute it into your mop water following the bottle directions and mop.
We also scored a steam mop for $5 at our local thrift store and I alternate mopping with Sal Suds and steam mopping.
Zero waste dishwashing cloths & sustainable sponges
Did you know most sponges are made of a type of plastic? Instead, buy cellulose sponges that are completely biodegradable. We get ours here.
You can also crochet your own dishwashing cloths using cotton!
Use cleaning rags, not paper towels
I bought a big stack of lint-free reusable towels several years ago and we use them instead of paper towels. (I will admit that we do have some recycled paper towels on hand for pet emergencies.) Almost every mess gets wiped up with a towel that we wash and reuse! You can even make your own cleaning rags from old towels or shirts.
Replacing your paper towel roll is an excellent first step to living an ecofriendly lifestyle. Learn more about the best sustainable living tips from 20+ green bloggers!
Setting up your zero waste pantry
Especially if you aren’t very familiar with cooking from scratch, setting up a sustainable pantry can feel a little intimidating. Really, you just want to keep the basic ingredients you use the most. This allows you to prepare simple meals without having to run to the store to grab this or that.
Find your local bulk food store
Check for co-ops or grocery stores with bulk bins. By refilling your own containers, you are able to avoid plastic packaging. You may even be lucky enough to have a zero waste store near you!
Most bulk stores will offer either plastic pouches or paper bags for you to fill. Those are not necessary and if you are going zero waste, challenge yourself to bring a glass jar or two! You can also bring muslin bags to hold dry foods like beans and grains.
Find the tare weight for your containers
Before you fill the jars, you need to find the tare weight. You can even do this at home if you have an electric scale.
Place the container with lid on the scale. Record its weight in ounces on the jar somehow (painters tape, permanent marker, etc).
At the bulk store, fill your jar and head to check out. The cashier will weigh the total jar to find the price of the jar and the items inside. Then, they will subtract the tare weight (the weight of just the jar) so you only pay for what you bought.
Honestly, this is the most intimidating part of going zero waste for a lot of people! How do you find a tare weight? What if the cashier doesn’t subtract the tare weight? How do you know exactly how many jars you’ll need to bring? What if you forget your jars?
I totally get it. This is different from regular grocery shopping and it’s easy to be a little nervous trying new things!
Most bulk stores offer some sort of alternative packaging if you forget your jars or have a problem. Choose paper over plastic. Pick one item you need to restock and see how it goes!
Shop with reusable produce bags
So much produce is sold in plastic! We already know that most plastic is never recycled and plastic films are even worse.
Bring your own produce bags to the store to carry home your apples and carrots.
Reusable produce bags don’t have to be fancy. You can simply reuse the plastic bags you have from before or make your own!
Avoid single-use plastics
Although you may want to get all of your groceries using your reusable containers, you may not be able to do that at your local store. In those situations, look for products packaged in easily recyclable containers (glass, metal, paper) instead of plastic.
This is one of the easiest switches to make and you’ll find more and more brands offering plastic-free options these days!
Especially if you can’t access a bulk store near you, you can still shop more sustainably by making intentional choices about the product packaging you bring home. Learn about our favorite place for low waste & organic shopping in our Azure Standard review.
Buy in bulk
For any items you cannot buy from the bulk section or find plastic-free, try to buy in bulk! This will mean you have one piece of plastic to recycle instead of multiple. I also find that the larger bulk plastic containers tend to be thicker types that are actually more like to be recycled.
Buy loose vegetables
This is a great place to start your zero-waste lifestyle! Simply purchase loose, whole vegetables in reusable cloth bags. This eliminates your packaging waste and is the easiest way to start a zero waste lifestyle. You can even visit your local farmers market with your reusable grocery bags to completely minimize the amount of waste you produce.
Visit your local farmers market
When you shop local, you’re able to get the highest quality and freshest produce while also avoiding plastic packaging and the fuel required to ship produce across the world.
It’s especially easy to start with buying fresh food like produce, but we also like to shop local for meat and eggs. Those typically do have some packaging waste like egg cartons or wrappers.
Getting local food from right where we live is way more environmentally sustainable than grocery store meat or factory-farmed meat.
If you’re concerned about shopping locally without breaking the bank, be sure to read my insider’s tips on how to afford local produce on a budget!
Buy the best quality animal products you can
If you do eat meat or animal products, try to source as close to the farmer as possible.
This will reduce food miles and you can make sure the animal welfare standards meet your expectations. We recommend looking for regenerative agricultural methods that can help sequester carbon.
Plus, if the farm is small enough, you may be able to have some influence on the type of packaging you receive.
Zero Waste Food Storage Containers
There are so many zero waste food storage containers out there! I went in-depth on this subject in another post to help you understand which product is right for you.
Reuse your glass jars
From shopping in the bulk bins to raising a sourdough starter, you can use glass jars for almost anything. You can even freeze them! Just be sure to leave headspace and chill the food in the fridge before you freeze so the glass doesn’t break.
Durable glass jars are perfect for long-term food storage, too. Save your favorite glass or even plastic jars in your pantry to hold your dry goods and oils. They are essential in a zero-waste kitchen!
You can also turn your jars into pumps, spray bottles, and more with mason jar lids.
Eco-Friendly Kitchen Swaps
We cook from scratch every day. This means we bump up against all kinds of situations that are normally solved with plastic.
- Try a silicone sheet tray liner instead of parchment paper.
- Skip the cling wrap entirely. Find your new favorite plastic wrap alternative here.
- Ditch the plastic sandwich bags. We have a few reusable silicone bags or we bring actual sandwiches in pyrex.
- Wash and reuse produce bags, freezer bags, and more.
- Store meal prep and leftovers in glass or stainless steel containers.
- Drink tap water out of your reusable water bottle.
- Try Swedish dishcloths instead of paper towels.
- Grab food-grade silicone bags to replace Ziploc.
- Pack cloth napkins with your lunches instead of paper napkins.
- Wash and reuse aluminum foil.
- Try reusable wraps, like beeswax wraps, to wrap sandwiches or even produce!
- Aim for reusable products whenever possible.
Buy secondhand kitchen tools & gadgets
Buying used kitchen tools and appliances is great for your budget and is so helpful for the environment! The nice thing about buying used is that you’re the secondary consumer, so it doesn’t matter as much if you buy plastic. Your purchase didn’t initiate the plastic production; you are saving it from a landfill!
Next time you need a salad spinner or even a blender, check your thrift store or your local Facebook Marketplace! Sometimes people even sell new, unused products secondhand on Marketplace…It’s my favorite place to shop for secondhand items!
Make zero waste coffee
We love coffee in the morning and even after trying to cut the habit for almost a year, I inevitably went back. There’s nothing like a morning cup of coffee!
There are so many ways to make low waste or even zero waste coffee.
Purchase beans in the bulk section or buy them in bulk to minimize packaging. Aim for Fair Trade and certified organic when at all possible.
Personally, we love using a Chemex. You can use a reusable cloth filter made with organic cotton to cut your waste even more.
Buy a secondhand French press for a completely waste-free coffee experience!
Consider buying a refillable K cup pod instead of new, single-use plastics.
Cook with long-lasting cookware
We also cook with almost exclusively cast iron or stainless steel cookware. A lot of non-stick pots and pans have plastic handles and they also have Teflon coatings, which release long-lasting chemicals in the environment known as PFOS, PFAS, and PFBS. These are all possible carcinogens.
We actually use this under sink water filter to remove PFOS, PFAS, and other substances from our drinking water. (Bonus – use code MILKGLASSHOME to save 8% on your purchase!)
360 Cookware makes heirloom quality stainless steel cookware made in America! It’s an excellent option for cookware that will last a lifetime.
Setting Up a Zero Food Waste Kitchen
Food waste is a huge issue! We waste so much food. Up to 40% of all food grown in the US is wasted. About 43% of food waste occurs in individual homes, meaning there is a lot of room for us to improve.
According to the RTS report Food Waste in America in 2022, the average American household throws around $1,600 worth of food in the trash every year!
Addressing your kitchen waste is one of the most important things you’ll do in your zero waste lifestyle as it has a huge environmental impact. Fortunately, it’s easier than you’d think! You’ll save pounds of food from the trash and make the most of your money, too.
Start meal planning
This is one of the most important things you can do to minimize food waste! Instead of shooting from the hip, you’ll know exactly what you need to buy. Meal planning also makes it easier to stick to your dietary goals, save money, and eat healthier!
Does meal planning feel intimidating? This is a passion of mine! I recommend that you start by setting up a minimalist meal plan. I created a printable minimalist meal planner that requires you to check out the food you have on hand before you plan a single meal.
Meal planning tips
Move beyond best buy dates
In the report above, the authors shared that “more than 80 percent of Americans discard perfectly good food because they misunderstand expiration labels.”
There’s something to be said for learning how to tell if food is safe enough to eat without a best buy date. These are marketing practices anyway and don’t truly indicate if a food is safe to eat.
Lots of foods can be frozen including bread and dairy products like butter, cheese, and even milk! You can keep nuts and any raw seeds in the freezer to keep them from going rancid.
We also freeze fresh produce in the summer to eat in the winter, especially berries.
Typically, we do freeze in plastic gallon bags that we wash and reuse over and over again. You can also freeze in glass jars!
Stretch meats with beans & lentils
Since we buy such high-quality (also expensive) meat, we like to make it last. We add a handful of dried or soaked lentils into lots of recipes to stretch our servings. This makes it easy to get extra fiber and protein without even noticing.
We love pantry staples and are big believers in keeping a well-stocked pantry!
Can, pickle, jam & ferment
Whenever you have abundant harvests, put your food away for later! Even if you’ve never canned before, you could make refrigerator jam or pickles. Lactofermented sauerkraut is an easy solution for too much cabbage. Try small-batch canning, too!
Follow a FIFO system
Just like a restaurant, you need a first-in-first-out (FIFO) system! Make sure the oldest food moves to the front and the newest food goes to the back. This helps ensure you don’t forget about the food about to go bad.
Use leftover stems and leaves
Broccoli stems are great in stir-fries. Cauliflower, broccoli, and celery leaves are totally fine to eat (and nutritious!). Use as much of the plant as you can and anything you can’t, add to your stock bag!
Save peels & stems for stock
Save your vegetable scraps (stems, peels, and random pieces) in a bag in your freezer. When it’s time to make stock, simmer them together for extra flavor and nutrition.
Regrow food from scraps
Lots of plants can be regrown using the stem or roots. Stick spring onions in a mason jar with a couple of inches of water on a windowsill for perpetual green onions. You can also train lettuce heads to root and regrow.
Compost whenever you can
For any food you cannot use, compost! Don’t think of compost as trash; you’re creating a natural, useful product.
We have two different composting systems: a rotating compost barrel and a green bin for food waste that gets picked up by our waste company.
If you’re new to composting, learn how to use a kitchen compost bin here.
I actually prefer the green bin because you can compost way more than you can in just a backyard compost bin, including fat, bones, and meat scraps! Those are not safe for a regular backyard compost and would otherwise need to go in the trash can.
If all goes well, you may not even have any non-compostable, non-recyclable trash to throw away! If you do, that’s okay. Before you take out the trash, snoop around to see which brands created waste and shop for alternatives next time!
Try a pantry challenge
Take a hiatus from grocery shopping sometimes and shop your pantry instead! This is a great way to use up older foods before they go bad.
Get our free pantry checklist here.
Only buy what you need
Easier said than done and I should maybe call this “don’t shop hangry.” If you shop with a grocery list and only buy what’s on the list, you’ll avoid impulse buys and unnecessary packaging.
It also helps to meal plan so you know exactly what you need!
Be flexible with vegetables
We normally stock the same 7 vegetables all the time to make cooking from scratch easy. They’re all versatile and can be used in several ways. They also all go well together, making it easy to load them up into soups, stews, and casseroles.
Don’t worry about whether the recipe is “right.” Focus on using up what you have. Half the time, you won’t even notice if you throw in a couple of mushrooms or an aging carrot.
Have a use-it-up recipe or two
We love making soups and stews that can cloak a variety of leftover vegetables. I find that tomato sauce can cover a wide variety of flavors!
We love to make a veggie-packed marinara bowl where we cook up one pound of ground beef and then add…whatever we have on hand! It’s usually onion, cauliflower, celery, carrot, cabbage, zucchini, etc. Then we top it off with some concentrated beef stock and marinara sauce.
It’s so good that we make it at least once a week!
Stick with us on your journey to a zero-waste kitchen
I’m in this with you! In 2023, I decided to transition from low waste to plastic-free on my path to zero waste.
Don’t worry – I’m not here to judge you at all. Zero waste isn’t a contest. I am your biggest cheerleader with every shift you make!
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How can I help you set up a zero waste kitchen?
Is this helpful? Are there questions unanswered? Do you need more info about zero waste food storage or plastic free kitchen products? Tell me in the comments so I can tailor this post to your needs!